How to Resurface a Pool Like a Pro: The Ultimate Guide

To resurface a pool, drain the water and remove any damaged plaster or surface material. Apply a new surface material, such as plaster, to the pool walls and floor.

If your pool’s surface is old, cracked, or simply unsightly, it may be time to resurface. Resurfacing your pool can help to improve its look, make it easier to maintain, and extend its lifespan. In this article, we’ll cover the steps involved in resurfacing a pool, from draining the water and removing the old surface to applying the new surface material.

Whether you choose to tackle the job yourself or hire a professional, understanding the process can help ensure a successful outcome. So, let’s dive in!

How to Resurface a Pool Like a Pro: The Ultimate Guide


Inspection And Preparation

Determine The Current Condition Of The Pool Surface

Before you start resurfacing your pool, you need to determine the current condition of the pool surface. Inspecting the pool before resurfacing is critical as it helps identify any issues that need to be addressed before the resurfacing. Below are some inspection tips:

  • Look for any damages, staining, or cracks on the surface.
  • Check for any peeling or flaking of the existing surface.
  • Assess the level of roughness on the surface.
  • Determine if any algae or other growths require cleaning.

Ensuring that your pool surface is in good condition before resurfacing can improve the results of the resurfacing process tremendously.

Identifying And Repairing Cracks And Damages

Identifying and repairing cracks and damages is crucial in ensuring that the resurfacing lasts for a long time. It’s essential to fix these damages before starting with the resurfacing process. Here are the steps to follow:

  • Start by chipping out any loose or damaged material around the crack.
  • Use a diamond blade grinder to widen the crack to ensure proper adhesion of the repair material.
  • Fill the crack with a bond coat and allow it to dry.
  • Apply the finishing coat with a trowel and allow it to dry for a day.

It’s important to make sure that the pool surface is entirely clean and dry before applying the bond coat.

Preparing The Surface For Resurfacing

Preparation is vital for a successful resurfacing of your pool surface. Here are some essential steps to consider when preparing your pool surface for resurfacing:

  • Start by cleaning your pool surface of any debris, dirt, or leaves.
  • Use a pressure washer to clean the surface and remove any stains or algae.
  • Fill any voids, cracks, or plumbing holes with hydraulic cement.
  • Apply a bond coat to the surface before the new plaster to ensure proper adhesion.

Making sure that your pool surface is adequately prepared before resurfacing will ensure its longevity and make it look brand new.

Choosing The Right Material

Overview Of The Different Materials Available For Pool Resurfacing

Pool resurfacing involves covering the existing concrete pool with new material to restore its appearance and durability. The following are common materials used for resurfacing:

  • Plaster: Made from a mix of white cement, water, and silica sand, plaster is the most affordable option. It provides a classic look and is easy to install. However, it doesn’t last as long as other materials and is susceptible to cracking.
  • Pebble: This material is made from a mixture of small stones and plaster, which offers a long-lasting and low-maintenance finish. Though more expensive, it creates a natural-looking ambiance, and the pebbles’ rough texture provides extra grip for swimmers. Keep in mind that the material is not ideal for children or pets as they may scrape themselves on the rough surface.
  • Tile: A popular choice for a sleek, modern appearance, tiles come in a wide variety of designs, colors, and finishes. They are durable, easy to clean, and less prone to chipping than other materials. However, they tend to accumulate dirt and algae over time, requiring extra maintenance and cleaning.
  • Fiberglass: Made from durable, non-porous resin, fiberglass creates a smooth, gel-like surface that is resistant to staining, fading, and cracking. It’s virtually maintenance-free and lasts longer than other materials. However, it’s the most expensive option and requires professional installation

Pros And Cons Of Each Type Of Material

Before deciding which material to use for pool resurfacing, it’s essential to weigh the pros and cons of each option:

  • Plaster:
  • Pros: Most affordable, provides a classic look, and easy to install.
  • Cons: Less durable, prone to cracking and staining, and may require frequent touch-ups.
  • Pebble:
  • Pros: Long-lasting, low-maintenance, natural-looking, and provides an excellent grip for swimmers.
  • Cons: Rough texture may not be suitable for children or pets, and it’s relatively costly.
  • Tile:
  • Pros: Sleek, modern, and customizable appearance, durable, easy to clean, and less prone to chipping.
  • Cons: Accumulates dirt and algae over time, may require extra maintenance and costly.
  • Fiberglass:
  • Pros: Durable, non-porous resin surface, resistant to staining, fading, and cracking, virtually maintenance-free, and long-lasting.
  • Cons: Most expensive, requires professional installation, and may not adhere well to concrete.

Considerations For Choosing The Best Material For Your Pool

When selecting the best material for pool resurfacing, consider the following factors:

  • Budget: Determine how much you can afford to pay for the resurfacing project.
  • Durability: Assess the material’s longevity and resistance to wear and tear.
  • Maintenance: Consider the type and frequency of maintenance required to keep the pool looking great.
  • Safety: Evaluate the safety risks associated with the material, such as slipperiness or rough textures that may scrape swimmers.
  • Style: Choose a material that complements your personal style and the overall aesthetic of your pool area.
  • Professional installation: Determine whether you can handle the installation process yourself or need to enlist professional services.

When deciding which pool resurfacing material is best for you, keep in mind that each option has its advantages and disadvantages. Consider your priorities, budget, and aesthetic preferences when making this decision.

Resurfacing Process

Step-By-Step Guide On How To Resurface A Pool

Resurfacing a pool is a process that can improve the life and beauty of your swimming pool. It requires a lot of work and time, but the outcome is worth it. To help you on your journey, here is a step-by-step guide on resurfacing your pool.

  • Drain the pool: The first step is to drain the pool completely. When empty, you can inspect for any damage or cracks. Repair if necessary.
  • Clean the pool surface: The next step is to clean the pool surface by power-washing it with a pool cleaner. This process will remove any loose debris and stains from the surface.
  • Etch the pool surface: After you’ve cleaned the pool surface, the next step is to etch it to create a rough surface that will help the new layer of the pool finish adhere well. Follow the directions on the etching solution container for best results.
  • Apply a bond coat: Before applying the pool finish, you’ll need to add a bond coat to the surface. This will create an even base and improve the new finish’s adhesion.
  • Mix the pool finish: After applying the bond coat, mix the pool finish thoroughly according to the manufacturer’s instructions.
  • Apply the pool finish: Apply the pool finish to the surface with a trowel, starting from the deep end of the pool. Work your way backwards and then smooth out the surface.
  • Curing the pool finish: The final step is to leave the pool for a few days to cure completely. Do not refill the pool until it has cured for the recommended time.

Tools And Equipment Needed

To achieve the perfect resurfaced pool surface, you’ll need the right tools and equipment. Here are some essential items:

  • Power washer: Used to clean the pool surface.
  • Etching solution: Used for etching the pool surface.
  • Bonding agent: Used to create an even base for the pool finish to adhere.
  • Pool finish: Used to resurface the pool.

Important Safety Measures To Follow

Resurfacing a pool is a hazardous activity, and it’s important to ensure you follow safety precautions. Here are some tips to keep you safe:

  • Wear protective clothing including a dust mask, safety goggles, and gloves.
  • Work with a partner, someone who can help you if anything goes wrong.
  • Drain all water from the pool to avoid drowning hazards.
  • Do not smoke when using chemicals.
  • Read and follow all the manufacturer’s instructions before using any tools or chemicals.

When resurfacing a pool, it’s essential to take your time and follow each step correctly. It’s a serious job, but with the right tools, equipment, and safety precautions, you can achieve a fantastic result.

Maintenance And Care For Your Resurfaced Pool

If you’ve gone through the trouble of resurfacing your pool, you’ll want to keep it looking great for as long as possible. Luckily, with some regular maintenance and care, you can ensure your pool remains in top condition. Here are some tips and tricks for maintaining the quality of your resurfaced pool:

Tips And Tricks For Maintaining The Quality Of Your Resurfaced Pool

  • Test your water chemistry at least once a week to ensure that it is balanced. This includes checking the ph and chlorine levels, as well as the alkalinity and calcium hardness.
  • Brush and vacuum your pool regularly to prevent algae and debris build-up. This can also help prevent stains and discoloration in your newly resurfaced pool.
  • If you notice any cracks or chips in your pool’s surface, have them repaired immediately to avoid further damage or deterioration.
  • Keep up with routine maintenance, such as backwashing your filter, inspecting your pool equipment, and cleaning your pump basket and skimmer regularly.

Regular cleaning and upkeep are essential for any pool, especially one that has been recently resurfaced. Here are some additional points to consider:

Regular Cleaning And Upkeep

  • Use a pool cover to keep debris and dirt out of your pool when it’s not in use. This can help reduce the amount of time you spend cleaning.
  • Consider investing in a robotic pool cleaner. These devices can make cleaning your pool significantly easier and more efficient.
  • Drain and refill your pool every 3-5 years to prevent a buildup of minerals and chemicals that can damage your pool’s surface.

Lastly, there are several factors to consider when planning the ongoing maintenance of your newly resurfaced pool:

Factors To Consider When Planning Ongoing Maintenance

  • Take into account the climate and weather in your area. Hot and sunny weather can increase the need for pool chemicals and maintenance.
  • Consider the amount of use your pool gets, which can also impact the frequency and type of maintenance required.
  • Keep an eye out for any signs of damage or wear and tear in your pool’s surface, and have them repaired as soon as possible to prevent further damage.

Keeping your resurfaced pool in excellent condition requires regular maintenance and care. By following these tips and tricks, you can keep your pool looking great for years to come.

Frequently Asked Questions On How To Resurface A Pool

Can I Resurface My Pool By Myself?

Yes, you can. However, it is important to note that resurfacing a pool is a major project that requires skill, equipment, and patience.

How Often Should I Resurface My Pool?

The recommended time to resurface a pool varies, but it is usually after every 10-15 years. This depends on the type of finish used and how often the pool is used.

What Are The Types Of Pool Finishes?

There are different pool finishes, including plaster, aggregate, tile, and fiberglass. Each of these finishes has its advantages, and it’s important to choose one that meets your needs.

How Much Does It Cost To Resurface A Pool?

The cost of resurfacing a pool varies based on different factors, such as the size of the pool, the type of finish used, and if any repairs are needed. On average, it cost between $4,000 and $6,000 to resurface a pool.

How Long Does It Take To Resurface A Pool?

The duration to resurface a pool varies, but it usually takes 2-4 weeks for the process to be completed. This also depends on the size of the pool, the type of finish used, and if any repairs are needed.


Overall, resurfacing a pool can be a daunting task, but it can also be a rewarding one. By following the steps outlined in this post, you can ensure that your pool is both functional and aesthetically pleasing for years to come.

Remember to assess the condition of your pool, properly prepare the surface, select the right materials, and use proper safety precautions. With these key considerations in mind, you can successfully resurface your pool and enjoy your backyard oasis with family and friends.

Whether you decide to tackle this project on your own or hire a professional, resurfacing your pool can be a great way to enhance the overall value of your home and create lasting memories. So go ahead and take the plunge – your beautiful new pool awaits!

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