How to Resurface a Pool: Revive Your Swimming Area

Resurfacing a pool involves draining the water, removing the old surface, prepping the pool’s shell, and then applying a new layer of finish or plaster. Now, let’s delve into the details.

A lot of time is spent poolside, especially if you live in a warmer climate. However, with time, the finish of your pool can begin to erode, leaving you with dull and unattractive walls. This is where resurfacing comes in.

It’s essential to keep your swimming pool in tip-top shape to avoid any damages or leaks that can occur, ultimately resulting in a lot more stress and expense. By following the steps for resurfacing a pool, you can effectively spruce up the appearance of your pool while also increasing its durability and longevity.

How to Resurface a Pool: Revive Your Swimming Area


Signs That Your Pool Needs Resurfacing

If you’re a pool owner, you understand how vital it is to maintain your pool’s condition. Over time, your pool’s plaster or concrete surface may show signs of wear and tear. Here are some signs that your pool needs resurfacing:

Fading Of Pool Color

If you notice that your pool’s color is not as bright as it used to be, then it can be a sign that your pool needs resurfacing. Fading pool color may be due to the sun, chemical use, and age.

Some other factors that contribute to the fading of the pool color include weather exposure, acid washing, and calcium buildup. The good news is that resurfacing your pool can restore its vibrant color and beauty.

Here are some benefits of resurfacing your faded pool:

  • Enhances the pool’s aesthetic value
  • Restores pool color balance
  • Protects pool surface from further damage

Cracks Or Chips In The Surface

Another indication that your pool needs resurfacing is if you notice cracks or chips in the pool’s surface. Cracks can be caused by freezing temperatures or wear and tear. Pool water chemistries, such as high levels of calcium, can result in surface scaling, which will worsen surface cracks.

Resurfacing your pool can help provide a fresh layer of protection, fix the cracks and extend the pool life.

Rough Texture

If you notice that your pool’s surface texture feels rough or bumpy, then it can be due to surface etching, scaling or calcium buildup. Pool’s surface texture should always be smooth and gentle.

Resurfacing your pool will create a new, smooth surface that will ensure the safety of swimmers and restore the beauty of your pool.

Staining Or Discoloration

Stains or discoloration on the pool’s surface can be due to chemical imbalance, poor water circulation, and vegetation. Resurfacing your pool can help remove these unsightly marks and restore your pool’s aesthetic beauty.

Resurfacing your pool also provides a chance to repair drainage issues that contribute to discoloration and provide an opportunity to exchange the pool tile borders.

Water Loss

If you find yourself continuously topping off pool water before your regular pool maintenance cycle, then it can be a sign that your pool has a leak.

A leak may be due to cracks in the pool surface. Resurfacing your pool will fix your pool leaks and restore the balance of water level.

If you notice any of these signs in your pool, it is essential to schedule a pool resurfacing. Don’t wait for the pool damages to become more expensive. A fresh layer of plaster, pebble plaster or quartz aggregate resurfacing can add significant value to your pool.

Preparing For Resurfacing

Resurfacing your pool can be a daunting task, but with the right preparation, it can be a simple process. Here’s how to prepare for resurfacing your pool.

Drain The Pool

Before starting any pool resurfacing process, you need to drain the water completely. This will ensure that the work is done on the dry surface, making it easier for you to inspect the surface, repair any damage, and clean it before resurfacing.

While draining the pool, make sure you follow the safety protocols, and dispose of the water appropriately.

Inspect The Surface

Once the water is out, inspect the surface of your pool for any holes, cracks, or chips that need repairing. Take note of any blisters or stains that may damage the surface and ensure that the surface is free from dents.

Create a checklist to help you keep track of all the damaged areas that need to be repaired.

Repair Any Cracks Or Chips

After inspecting the surface, repair any cracks or chips with a suitable epoxy filler or concrete patch. Fill the damaged area and let it dry for the required time before sanding it down to a smooth surface.

Clean The Surface

After completing all the repairs, cleaning the surface is the next crucial step. Use a high-pressure water sprayer to remove any debris, dirt, or stains that may prevent a smooth resurfacing job. Scrub the surface with a suitable cleaning solution and rinse it off with water.

Preparing for resurfacing your pool can be a significant undertaking, but following these key steps will ensure that your pool is properly prepared before moving on to the next stage.

Pool Resurfacing Options

If your pool has some cracks, chips, stains, or is just looking dull, resurfacing is an effective way to give it a fresh, new look. Resurfacing offers various options, each with its pros and cons, so it’s essential to choose the right one for your pool’s needs and your budget.


Plaster is the most common and affordable pool resurfacing option. It’s a mixture of cement, water, and marble dust, which makes it a durable and long-lasting choice. Here are some key points to consider about plaster resurfacing:

  • Suitable for any type of pool, but not recommended for saltwater pools.
  • Smooth surface and customizable colors to fit your pool style and taste.
  • Prone to discoloration, chipping, and cracks with time, which may require repairs every seven years or so.

Pebble Aggregate

A pebble aggregate finish gives your pool a stunning natural look. It’s a blend of tiny pebbles, cement, and additives that increase durability. Here are some key points to consider:

  • Ideal for outdoor pools and water features.
  • Non-slip surface and available in various colors and textures.
  • Slightly more expensive than plaster, but strong enough to last up to 20 years or more.


Tile is another popular choice for pool resurfacing. It’s a more upscale option that enhances your pool’s aesthetics. Here are some key points to consider:

  • Versatile design options to fit your style and preference.
  • Easy to clean and maintain.
  • More expensive than plaster or pebble aggregate.


Fiberglass resurfacing provides a smooth and non-porous surface, giving your pool a sleek look. Here are some key points to consider:

  • Quick and easy installation.
  • Low maintenance and long-lasting.
  • Limited design options and not suitable for custom pool shapes.

Vinyl Liner

Vinyl liner is a cost-effective option that requires little maintenance. It’s a synthetic liner installed over the existing pool surface. Here are some key points to consider:

  • Affordable option for inground and above-ground pools.
  • Available in various patterns and colors.
  • Prone to tears, punctures, and fading, requiring liner replacement every 7-10 years.

Pool resurfacing is an excellent investment that increases your pool’s lifespan and enhances its appearance. Investing in the right resurfacing option that meets your pool’s needs and budget will give you an enjoyable swimming experience for years to come.

Diy Vs. Professional Resurfacing

Pros And Cons Of Diy Resurfacing

If you’re looking to save up on costs, diy pool resurfacing may seem to be a good idea. However, there are both pros and cons to consider before deciding to embark on the job yourself.


  • Cost-effective solution: Hiring a professional can be costly, and doing it yourself can save you money.
  • Flexibility: You can control the entire resurfacing project, making changes or adjustments according to your preferences.
  • Satisfaction: Accomplishing a project yourself can be satisfying, and you can be proud of having successfully completed the task.


  • Lack of expertise: Professionals have the necessary experience and knowledge to do the job right the first time around. If you’re not confident in your abilities, you might end up costing more in the long run.
  • Time-consuming: Resurfacing can take many hours or even days, depending on the size of the pool. If you’re not prepared for the commitment, it can be a frustrating experience.
  • Chance of mistakes: Diy projects carry the risk of mistakes and errors. Something as minor as a missed crack can snowball into more significant issues over time.

Benefits Of Hiring A Professional

While diy is a cost-effective option, hiring a professional has its benefits. Here are some reasons to consider hiring a professional for your pool resurfacing needs:

  • Expertise: Professional pool resurfacing companies have years of experience and training, providing assurance that the job will be done right the first time around.
  • Warranty: Most pool resurfacing companies offer warranties on their work, and if something goes wrong, you can call on them to fix it.
  • Time-saving: Professionals can complete the work quickly and efficiently, ensuring that your pool won’t be out of commission for an extended period.
  • Quality materials: Professionals use high-quality materials to ensure the longevity of the resurfacing job.
  • Safety: Resurfacing requires handling chemicals and other materials that can be hazardous if not handled correctly. Hiring a professional ensures that you and your family are not at risk of exposure to these chemicals.

While diy pool resurfacing may seem like a cost-effective solution, hiring a professional pool resurfacing company is the safer option. Professionals have the necessary training and experience to guarantee a proper and long-lasting job, giving you peace of mind. However, if you’re confident in your abilities and willing to invest the time and effort required, diy pool resurfacing can be a satisfying and cost-saving experience.

Choosing The Right Resurfacing Contractor

Resurfacing your pool is a significant investment, and you want it to be done right the first time. Choosing the right contractor is crucial to ensure that you get quality work that will stand the test of time. Here are some tips to help you choose the right resurfacing contractor:

Look For A Licensed And Insured Contractor

One of the most critical things to look for when choosing a resurfacing contractor is their license and insurance. A licensed contractor is someone who has passed state or city exams and has met the necessary qualifications to do the job correctly.

It is also essential to ensure that the contractor carries liability insurance and workers’ compensation insurance. This way, you can be assured that you are protected should something go wrong during the resurfacing project.

Check References And Reviews

Before hiring a resurfacing contractor, be sure to check their references and read their reviews. Looking at their previous works can give you an idea of their workmanship quality and whether they are the right fit for your project. Also, know the level of expertise of the contractor, as some may specialize in certain types of pool surfaces.

Ask About Warranty And Maintenance

Before signing any agreement, make sure to ask the resurfacing contractor about their warranty and maintenance plan. The warranty should cover any defects or failures in the workmanship and materials used. Also, ask about maintenance requirements to keep the resurfacing looking new.

This way, you can protect your investment and avoid unexpected repair costs in the future.

Choosing the right resurfacing contractor is crucial to get quality work at affordable prices. Following these tips can help you narrow down your options and ensure that you make an informed decision.

The Resurfacing Process

Resurfacing a pool is a necessary task that needs to be done periodically to keep the pool looking as good as new. If the surface of the pool has started to deteriorate, it is time to consider resurfacing the pool.

The resurfacing process involves removing the old surface, applying the new surface, curing time, filling and balancing the water. We will discuss the resurfacing process in detail.

Removing The Old Surface

Before applying the new surface, the old surface needs to be removed. The old surface can be removed by using a chisel or a grinder. Once the old surface has been removed, the surface needs to be cleaned, and any debris or dirt should be removed.

Applying The New Surface

Once the old surface has been removed, the new surface can be applied. The new surface can be made of different materials such as plaster, pebble, or quartz. The new surface should be applied evenly, and it should be thick enough to last for a couple of years.

Some key points to remember while applying the new surface are:

  • The surface needs to be mixed correctly.
  • The application method should be followed as per the manufacturer’s instructions.
  • It is essential to check the ph level of the surface to avoid any scaling or etching.

Curing Time

After applying the new surface, it is essential to allow adequate time for the surface to cure. Curing time is the time required for the surface to set, and it typically takes around 3-4 weeks. During the curing time, the pool should not be filled with water.

Once the surface is cured, it will be hard and durable.

Filling And Balancing The Water

After the surface has cured, the pool can be filled with water. Before filling the pool, it is essential to balance the water’s ph level to avoid any damage to the new surface. Once the water is filled, it is essential to balance the chemicals to keep the pool water clean and healthy for swimmers.

Resurfacing a pool is an essential part of maintaining a pool’s overall health. By following the above resurfacing process, you can prolong the life of your pool and keep it looking new for years to come.

Maintenance Tips For A Resurfaced Pool

Resurfacing a pool is an important task that can prolong the life of your pool and also enhance its aesthetic beauty. Once a pool has been resurfaced, regular maintenance is essential to ensure longevity. With that in mind, here are some maintenance tips to help you keep your newly resurfaced pool in top condition.

Regular Cleaning And Maintenance

Keeping a pool clean is key to preventing damage and extending the pool’s lifespan. Here are some maintenance tips to ensure your pool stays in excellent condition:

  • Skim the pool’s surface daily to remove debris such as leaves, insects, and other contaminants.
  • Brush the walls and tiles of the pool regularly to prevent algae buildup.
  • Vacuum the pool’s floor and under the steps at least once a week.
  • Clean the pool’s filter regularly to ensure optimal performance.

Monitoring Water Chemistry

Proper water chemistry is essential to maintain a healthy pool environment. It’s crucial to keep the ph, alkalinity, and chlorine levels within the recommended range. Here are a few factors to consider to ensure proper water chemistry:

  • Test the pool chemistry weekly using a reliable test kit.
  • Maintain a ph range between 7.2 and 7.8.
  • Keep the alkalinity between 80 and 120 ppm.
  • Maintain the chlorine levels between 1 and 3 ppm.

Avoiding Harsh Chemicals Or Abrasive Tools

Using harsh chemicals or abrasive tools can damage a newly resurfaced pool, so it’s important to take precautions to avoid them. Here are some tips to keep in mind:

  • Avoid dumping chemicals directly into the pool; instead, add them to the pool’s skimmer while the pump is running.
  • Use a pool brush with soft bristles to avoid damaging the pool’s surface.
  • Avoid using abrasive tools like steel wool on the pool’s surface.

By following these maintenance tips, you can ensure your resurfaced pool stays in excellent condition. Remember, proper maintenance is essential to prolong your pool’s life and keep it looking beautiful for years to come.

Frequently Asked Questions On How To Resurface A Pool

What Is Pool Resurfacing?

Pool resurfacing is a process of repairing or replacing the surface layer of the pool to restore its original appearance, texture, and functionality. The process involves removing the old surface layer, preparing the concrete, and applying new surface material.

How Often Should I Resurface My Pool?

Typically, pool resurfacing is required after every 10-15 years, depending on the type of surface material, usage, and maintenance. Factors such as weather, chemicals, and water quality can also affect the lifespan of the pool surface.

What Are The Benefits Of Resurfacing A Pool?

Pool resurfacing can improve the aesthetics, safety, and functionality of your pool. It can also enhance the durability, resistance to chemicals and weather, and reduce maintenance requirements. Resurfacing can also increase the value of your property.

How Long Does Pool Resurfacing Take?

The duration of the pool resurfacing process depends on the size of the pool, complexity of the project, and the type of surface material used. Typically, it can take about 1-2 weeks to complete the entire process.

Can I Resurface My Pool Myself?

While it is possible to resurface your pool yourself, it is recommended to hire a professional pool contractor for a safe and efficient process. Diy resurfacing can be risky, costly, and time-consuming, especially if you lack the necessary equipment, skills, and experience.


As you can see, resurfacing a pool is no easy task, but it’s a necessary one to keep your pool in good working order. With proper preparation and attention to detail, you can make sure that your pool is ready for the season ahead.

Remember to choose the right type of pool resurfacing material for your pool’s needs, and take your time during the application process. If you follow these guidelines, your pool will not only look great but also be safe to swim in.

One last tip, be sure to keep up with regular maintenance and cleaning to ensure your pool remains in good condition for years to come. Happy swimming!

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